Monitoring of pasteurization systems

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PDPW financial management webinar series

17 Apr 2014 13:15:40 Z

The Professional Dairy Producers of Wisconsin are sponsoring a two-part webinar series focusing on innovative ways to evaluate the financial components of managing a dairy business.

ADSA Discover Conference on animal welfare

17 Apr 2014 13:15:40 Z

The 27th Discover Conference sponsored by the American Dairy Science Association will focus on animal welfare for dairy cattle.

The skinny on fat

17 Apr 2014 13:15:40 Z

Learn more about the importance of fat in young calves’ diets from the calf nutrition team at Milk Products LLC.

Providing supplemental water to calves

17 Apr 2014 13:15:40 Z

Sarah Williams, researcher with the W.H. Miner Institute near Chazy, N.Y., discusses why water is so important to raising healthy, fast-growing calves.

Tips to avoid spoiled silage

17 Apr 2014 13:15:40 Z

Silage spoilage represents wasted feed, effort and performance potential. Dr. Limin Kung from the University of Delaware offers advice on how to prevent it.


We are committed to strategic monitoring of dairy pasteurization systems.

The intent is to provide real time system analysis to assure optimal performance of your pasteurization equipment, process and protocols to deliver the highest quality colostrum or milk to newborn calves.
We are obsessive with quality work and our portfolio shows it. We specialize in microbiology, data logging, education and consultation in the management of newborn calf nutrition using pasteurized whole milk and colostrum systems. We remove the guesswork from your system’s performance and offer a benchmarking network to maximize your resources in feeding newborn dairy calves.

On Going Monitoring

Utilizing data from your system, we provide feedback that allows you to routinely monitor how your system is functioning. This information can be used to assure that established processes are being adequately executed and that one of your most valuable resources, your calves are being feed the best quality milk.

Bacteria counts; CFU’s/ml

(Colony Forming Units/ml)

Total solids and pH reporting on your milk /colostrum samples
Sampling done on Pre-pasteurization, Post-pasteurization, and at the time milk is fed to calves. Incorporating these monitoring tools enables you to optimize your investment and assure that your calves are routinely being fed the highest quality milk possible.

IgG concentrations available for the individual calf or colostrum samples

A quantitative number, more specific than total protein concentration, as to the immune system and overall health of your calf.

Pasteurization System Benchmarking

Data from your system is benchmarked to provide comparative information on the performance of your system and protocols. This information is provided only to you for your dairy.


Maximize your colostrum feeding program

Wed, 30 Oct 2013 05:00:00 +0000

The newborn calf’s immune system is underdeveloped, so it depends on colostrum to supply critical "passive immunity” to ward off illness and infection, plus other colostral factors necessary to enhance calf health, growth and performance.

But not all colostrum is created equal. High quality colostrum depends on a number of factors:

  • Mom’s health and immune status. Healthier, vaccinated cows have higher antibody levels in their colostrum.
  • Effective cleaning of the udder and sanitization of hands and containers. Colostrum should measure less than 100,000 cfu/ml TPC (total plate count). Total coliform count should be less than 10,000 cfu/ml.
  • Milking promptly. Cows should be milked within four hours after giving birth. Unused colostrum should be refrigerated quickly and discarded after three days. Frozen colostrum should be discarded after 6 months.
  • Dry cow nutrition. High-straw rations currently popular among dairies can be tied to lower quality colostrum.
  • Overcrowding. High levels of stress due to overcrowding of prefresh groups and a lack of feeding space can impact colostrum quality.
  • Shorter dry periods. Research shows that colostrum quantity can be significantly lower in a 40 day dry period.
  • Age. Colostrum IgG concentration increases with age.
  • Leaking. Leaking milk pre-partum and milking before calving can reduce antibody levels.
  • Breed. Jerseys typically score highest in colostrum IgG levels, Holsteins lowest.
  • Weather/temperature extremes can negatively affect colostrum quality.

If the calf has ingested little or no colostrum, a colostrum replacer, such as Colostrx® CR, can help. Complete colostrum replacers contain bovine globulin proteins, along with energy, protein, vitamins and minerals. Colostrx® CR contains 130 grams of bovine globulin proteins.

Colostrum supplements, such as Colostrx® CS can be used when the calf has not ingested enough colostrum. In these cases, feeding a supplement is a good idea to help make sure the calf receives the immunoglobulins needed at birth. Whether a calf receives maternal colostrum, or requires a replacer or supplement, the addition of StressMate™, to provide the other colostral proteins called bioactives, can help calves start strong and perform to expectations.

Like maternal colostrum, both colostrum replacers and supplements need to be fed as soon as possible after birth to be fully effective.

This DCHA Tip of the Wee has been sponsored by AgriLabs. 

Study examines milk replacer carbohydrate sources

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 05:00:00 +0000

New research from the University of Georgia looks at the effect of milk replacers formulated with alternative carbohydrate sources on calf health and performance. The findings were published this month in The Professional Animal Scientist.

After receiving colostrum and transition milk for two days, 80 Holstein calves were randomly assigned to one of four milk replacers that differed in carbohydrate source:

  • Control diet: All whey (41 percent lactose)
  • Diet 2: Whey, plus 20 percent corn syrup solids (25 percent lactose)
  • Diet 3: Whey, plus 10 percent corn syrup solids (33 percent lactose)
  • Diet 4: Whey, plus 10 percent corn syrup solids and 10 percent dextrose (25 percent lactose)

All milk replacers were fed at a rate of 0.57 kilograms per day (about 1.25 pounds per day) divided into two equal feedings, except during week 6 when milk replacer was reduced by 50 percent. Calves were weaned at the end of week six. Calves were given ad libitum access to calf starter during the study.

The researchers found that intake of milk replacer and starter was similar among treatments. Calves fed Diet 2 initially consumed slightly less starter than calves fed the control diet, but the rate of increase in grain intake was similar across treatments. They also observed that carbohydrate source did not affect calf growth.

In terms of health, carbohydrate source did not affect the odds of having higher fecal scores or number of days with scours. However, there were differences in the dynamics of a scours outbreak that occurred early in life at approximately the same time across treatments. The duration of scours was greater (~1.5 days) for calves fed Diets 2, 3, and 4, compared with calves fed the control diet.

"Overall, these results suggest that beyond a slight effect on scour outbreak duration, the inclusion of 10 to 20 percent corn syrup solids and dextrose has no negative effect on health and performance of newborn dairy calves from birth through weaning,” say the researchers.

For more information, read an abstract of the research here.

Dairy Calf and Heifer Association unveils new brand identity

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 05:00:00 +0000

New look supports organization’s goal to be the modern, industry-leading source of calf and heifer information. 

Madison, Wis. [October 18, 2013] – The Dairy Calf and Heifer Association (DCHA) introduces a new logo and brand identity. The fresh, new look symbolizes the Dairy Calf and Heifer Association’s goal to update and modernize its vision to be the industry-leading source of calf and heifer nutrition, providing industry standards for profitability, performance and leadership that will help members improve the vitality and viability of their individual efforts and that of their business. 

"The board of directors is very excited to share DCHA’s fresh new look and feel with the dairy industry,” says Jack Banker, calf and heifer raiser and current DCHA president. "The new logo is just one of the many changes underway to help drive the organization back to its core vision of being the leading source of calf and heifer raising knowledge.” 

The logo and brand identity were approved by the Dairy Calf and Heifer Association board of directors September 30, 2013 and will be integrated throughout membership and marketing efforts as the organization continues to refocus its efforts. 

Plans are underway for the 2014 annual conference, themed "Be a ‘Driver’ of Change.” It is set for April 1-3, 2014 in Green Bay, Wis. Conference details and registration will soon be available at 

For more information or to join DCHA visit:, phone: (855) 400-3242or email:   

The Dairy Calf and Heifer Association ( was founded in 1996 based on the mission to help dairy producers, calf managers and those professionally focused on the growth and management of dairy calves and heifers. With a national membership of producers, allied industries and research leaders, DCHA seeks to provide the industry’s standards for profitability, performance and leadership, serving as a catalyst to help members improve the vitality and viability of their individual efforts and that of their business.

Editor’s Note: Image available for download at:

Reminders for colostrum pasteurization

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 05:00:00 +0000

The process of pasteurizing colostrum is gaining popularity among calf raisers. Kansas State dairy specialist Mike Brouk says there are several things you should keep in mind when collecting, processing and storing colostrum.

  1. Clean collection equipment. The first thing you need to think about is the collection equipment. "No. 1 it needs to be clean,” Brouk said in a recent "Milk Lines” audio segment, co-produced by the Department of Communications at Kansas State University and the K-State Radio Network. Making sure equipment is not contaminated with bacteria will help prevent contamination of the colostrum that you collect into it. After collection, process the colostrum immediately or start it into a cooling process.

  2. Quality counts. The importance of colostrum quality can’t be stressed enough. Remember to check the level of antibodies in the colostrum to make sure the quality is excellent.

  3. Processing. Cleanliness and proper use of colostrum processing equipment is vital to calf health and performance. "The pasteurization unit needs to be clean, just like the rest of our milking equipment to control the amount of bacteria that might grow on that surface,” Brouk says.

  4. Storage. Once pasteurization is complete, the colostrum needs to be fed or cooled, or possibly even frozen. Remember, just because you pasteurize colostrum does not replace good animal husbandry techniques. "We still need to do an excellent job of managing our calves and watching for signs of disease and treating them quickly,” Brouk says. "Just because we’ve pasteurized colostrum does not take away that responsibility we have to the calves.”

Dairy Calf and Heifer Association launches membership drive with a renewed focus

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 05:00:00 +0000

New members who sign-up for 2014 membership now receive free membership for the remainder of 2013.

Madison, Wis. [October 3, 2013] – The Dairy Calf and Heifer Association (DCHA) announces a renewed vision and new membership offerings, further providing valuable resources, discussions and information to dairy calf and heifer raisers.

As part of the organization’s redefined structure and vision, DCHA is offering free 2013 membership to new members who sign-up for 2014 membership through Dec. 31. Jack Banker, a Wisconsin custom calf raiser and the president of DCHA, says new members have an opportunity to join forces with the industry’s only organization focused on calf and heifer production – at a pivotal time.

"Our organization is excited about the future and energized for a bright 2014,” he says. "With the valuable experiences of our producer members and the expertise of our industry partners, DCHA is the leading organization for dairy calf and heifer growers. It is our goal to provide and share resources with our members that will further advance the profitability, health and performance of their calves and the profit potential of our operations.”

Members of DCHA are provided with resources and networking opportunities to help them achieve their goals in calf and heifer production, including:

  • Access to leading industry knowledge and resources through exclusive e-management tips from leading industry experts and printed newsletters with calf raiser perspectives.Timely information and updates on the latest research, developments and other information important to improving calf and heifer raising and dairy business operations.
  • Inside access to the Gold Standards best practices program.
  • Networking opportunities with nearly 600 calf and heifer growers and allied industry partners through the only national organization focused on producers who raise dairy calves and replacement heifers.
  • Member incentives and opportunities including conference discounts, scholarship benefits and leadership training opportunities.
  • A role in the renewed commitment DCHA has taken to enhance the expertise, collaboration and success of all dairy calf and heifer managers, employees and producers.

"There are a wide variety of benefits to joining DCHA – both for producers and allied industry partners,” Banker says. "Together, we can grow the future of your operation, of DCHA and of the dairy industry.”

To join DCHA visit: or contact DCHA at (855) 400-3242 or

The Dairy Calf and Heifer Association ( was founded in 1996 based on the mission to help dairy producers, calf managers and those professionally focused on the growth and management of dairy calves and heifers. With a national membership of producers, allied industries and research leaders, DCHA seeks to provide the industry’s standards for profitability, performance and leadership, serving as a catalyst to help members improve the vitality and viability of their individual efforts and that of their business.


Editor’s Note:

Image available for download at:

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